The Relation between Centre and State in India! Position of the States in Indian Union: On account of the exigencies of the situation, the Indian federation has acquired characteristics which are quite different from the American model. Legislation by a State can be disallowed by the President, when reserved by the Governor for his consideration.
Financial Relations between the Centre and State Article shared by: After reading this article you will learn about the problems in financial relations between the Centre and State of India with suggestions for balanced fiscal federalism.
Evaluation: Evaluation is the systematic collection and analysis of information about the characteristics and outcomes of programs and projects as a basis for judgments, to improve effectiveness, and/or inform decisions about current and future programming. Evaluation is distinct from assessment, which may be designed to examine country or sector context to inform project design, or an informal review of projects. Partnership Evaluation Guidebook and Resources Patricia P. Rieker, PhD. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity. 2 NPAO programs are expected to complete an evaluation of the state partnership. BA Political Science and Psychology, Mumbai University. Teaching Polity, Economics and international relations for 7 years.
Vertical imbalance emerges because of disproportionate alignment of revenue sources in relation to increasing expenditure obligations by level of government. There is a situation of growing expenditure requirements and poor yield of revenue source for states in India.
The process of assigning highly elastic revenue to the center and inelastic taxes to the states, led to a high degree of concentration in revenue collection. Lack of accountability and implementation of populist policies are the major cause for imbalance in state budgets. Various regions and states in India differ in resources endowment, level of development and per capital income.
Therefore horizontal imbalance occurs between different units of government at the same level of government in Indian federation.
As a result disparities in per-capita income are increasing. Excessive Dependence on Centre: These sources are not accessible to states. Coupled with this in as per constitutional provision, highly elastic revenue source are under the jurisdiction of the centre.
In addition to this the interference of the centre in the functioning of the state governments has been patronized by the concurrent list which contained around 57 items. In a federation a strong centre without strong states is not feasible. A study report of R. There has been duplication and overlapping of functions of these institutions.
The role and functions of the finance commission as per the provisions of the constitutions can no longer be fully realized, due to emergence of planning commission. Increasing Debt Burden of States: Our federal financial system has developed a situation in which the states cannot survive without the central assistance.
The use of loans and grants by the state has resulted in financial dependency and indiscipline on the part of the states. This also led to a situation of inevitable debt burden on the part of states. Failure to Reduce Regional Imbalance The mechanism of central resource transfer has failed to correct horizontal imbalance among states.
The major part of the central transfer of resources, owing to irrational criteria of devolution, went to richer states. Irrespective of concrete efforts by central government, the regional economic disparity among states could not be removed and inequality of income as between individuals could not be reduced to a significant extend.
Another important factor affecting the decentralized provision of resource transfer is the unsatisfactory status of fiscal tiers below the state level.BA Political Science and Psychology, Mumbai University.
Teaching Polity, Economics and international relations for 7 years.
The Briefs in Relation to the Steps in the CDC Evaluation Framework (1) Engaging Stakeholders (2) Describing Brief 1: Overview of Policy Evaluation Author: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Subject: Office of Policy and Partnerships Keywords: policy, evaluation, policy evaluation, evaluation framework, injury, Injury Center.
These six steps to program evaluation can help put your organization on the right track for continuous quality improvement. Program planning and evaluation go together. These six steps can help put your organization on the right track for continuous quality improvement.
EVELOUTION OF CENTRE STATE RELATION IN INDIA INTRODUCTION During the British regime, India remind unitary in nature, even though Federal Concept was now and then sought to be introduced for administrative convenience.
for Good Governance (CGG) at the State/UT level. Most of the State Governments have shown keen interest in the matter. So far 6 State Governments namely Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal have set up their State CGGs. Necessary assistance is being provided to the State Governments in this regard. EVELOUTION OF CENTRE STATE RELATION IN INDIA INTRODUCTION During the British regime, India remind unitary in nature, even though Federal Concept was now and then sought to be introduced for administrative convenience. Overview of Early Intervention. Sep 1, Find out more about that definition by visiting the Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center, otherwise known as the ECTA Center, at: screening (if used in the state), initial evaluation of the child.
The Shiromani Akali Dal in Punjab, the Telugu Desam Party in Andhra Pradesh, the State Governments of West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and the North-East had all been demanding review of the overall Constitutional scheme of Centre-State relations.
The Relation between Centre and State in India! Position of the States in Indian Union: In India, before the formation of the federation the States were not ‘sovereign’ entities.