Child Care October 02, Children love to play outdoors. Keeping children safe outdoors requires some special precautions. Here are some tips for keeping children in your child care program safe outdoors.
Through history, children played in their villages and neighbourhoods, especially in the streets and lanes near their homes. In Germany, a few playgrounds were erected in connection to schools,  and the first purpose-built public-access playground was opened in a park in ManchesterEngland in In the United States, organisations such as the National Highway Protective Society highlighted the numbers killed by automobiles, and urged the creation of playgrounds, aiming to free streets for vehicles rather than children's play.
City streets are unsatisfactory playgrounds for children because of the danger, because most good games are against the law, because they are too hot in summer, and because in crowded sections of the city they are apt to be schools of crime. Neither do small back yards nor ornamental grass plots meet the needs of any but the very small children.
Older children who would play vigorous games must have places especially set aside for them; and, since play is a fundamental need, playgrounds should be provided for every child as much as schools.
This means that they must be distributed over the cities in such a way as to be within walking distance of every boy and girl, as most children can not afford to pay carfare. She campaigned for facilities for children growing up in the new high-rise developments in Britain's cities and wrote a series of illustrated books on the subject of playgrounds, and at least one book on adventure playgrounds, spaces for free creativity by children, which helped the idea spread worldwide.
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March See also: In the s and s, there were playgrounds in almost every park in many Soviet cities. Playground apparatus was reasonably standard all over the country; most of them consisted of metallic bars with relatively few wooden parts, and were manufactured in state-owned factories.
Some of the most common constructions were the carouselsphere, seesawrocket, bridge, etc. Design Playground design is influenced by the intended purpose and audience. Separate play areas might be offered to accommodate very young children. Single, large, open parks tend to not to be used by older schoolgirls or less aggressive children, because there is little opportunity for them to escape more aggressive children.
Effects on child development Colorful sheltered playground at Fuji-Hakone-Izu National ParkJapan Professionals recognize that the social skills that children develop on the playground often become lifelong skill sets that are carried forward into their adulthood.
Independent research concludes that playgrounds are among the most important environments for children outside the home. Most forms of play are essential for healthy development, but free, spontaneous play—the kind that occurs on playgrounds—is the most beneficial type of play.
Exciting, engaging and challenging playground equipment is important to keep children happy while still developing their learning abilities. There is a general consensus that physical activity reduces the risk of psychological problems in children and fosters their self-esteem. Evidence suggests that children who participate in physical activity improve their self-esteem.
Commentators argue that the quality of a child's exercise experience can affect their self-esteem. Ajzen TPB promotes the notion that children's self-esteem is enhanced through the encouragement of physical mastery and self-development.
It can be seen that playgrounds provide an ideal opportunity for children to master physical skills, such as learning to swing, balance and climb. Personal development may be gained through the enhancement of skills, such as playing, communicating and cooperating with other children and adults in the playground.
It can also be seen that public and private playgrounds act as a preventative health measure amongst young people because they promote physical activity at a stage in children's lives when they are active and not yet at risk from opting out of physical activity.
But because playgrounds are usually subject to adult supervision and oversight, young children's street culture often struggles to fully thrive there. Research by Robin Moore  concluded shown that playgrounds need to be balanced with marginal areas that to adults appear to be derelict or wasteground but to children they are area's that they can claim for themselves, ideally a wooded area or field.
It acts as a release for them from the pressures of learning during the day. They know that time on the playground is their own time. Playscapes can also provide parents with the assurance of their child's safety and wellbeing, which may not be prevalent in an open field or wooded area.
Funding In the UK, several organisations exist that help provide funding for schools and local authorities to construct playgrounds. These include the Biffa Award, which provides funding under the Small Grants Scheme; Funding Central, which offers support for voluntary organisations and social enterprises; and the Community Construction Fund, a flagship programme by Norfolk County Council.
Risk aversion and fear of lawsuits on the part of the adults who design playgrounds prioritizes injury prevention above other factors, such as cost or developmental benefit to the users. Sometimes the safety of playgrounds is disputed in school or among regulators. Over at least the last twenty years, the kinds of equipment to be found in playgrounds has changed, often towards safer equipment built with plastic.
For example, an older jungle gym might be constructed entirely from steel bars, while newer ones tend to have a minimal steel framework while providing a web of nylon ropes for children to climb on. Playgrounds with equipment that children may fall off often use rubber mulch on the ground to help cushion the impact.
Often schools have a playground that is taller and more advanced for older schoolchildren and a lower playground with less risk of falling for younger children.Question: Unit 4 – Keeping children safe Diploma in Child Care and Education CACHE-LEVEL 3 (DCCE-L3) E1 Identify legislation which influences healthy, safe and secure environments for early years settings.
E2 Describe the procedures which will keep a child safe . Keeping children safe in education, including guidance around drugs, radicalisation and gangs. Disqualification under the Childcare Act Sexual violence and sexual harassment between children.
Child Safe Environment Policy One World Children’s Centre has a moral, ethical and legal responsibility to ensure that all children are safe in their care, and will provide training, resources, information and guidance to support this.
FACT SHEET: A summary of the rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child Article 1 (Definition of the child): The Convention defines a 'child' as a person below the age of 18, unless the laws of a particular country set the legal age for adulthood younger.
Liz Lightford, , ext “OICC celebrates Inuit children.
They are at the core of everything we do”. Liz brings over 30 years in the field of Early Learning and Childcare to OICC and over 20 years working directly with Inuit. The following is a comprehensive listing of Little Angel's Daycare & Preschool policies and procedures.
If you have any questions regarding any of the policies or .