John Rooneywho served for 30 years from Greenpoint made Brooklyn; and you know what New York would be without Brooklyn; just a puddle. Before European colonization, of course, Greenpoint was much greener than now, and early settlers noted its location on a bulge, or point, of land formed by a bend in the creek that would later be called Newtown Creek, for the Long Island town located to its north.
Please help to improve this section by introducing more precise citations. The pronunciation squaw or skwa is found in the northerly Eastern Algonquian languages in New England and Quebec.
Roger Williamsfounder of the Rhode Island colony, in his book A Key Into the Language of Americapublished several words that exemplify the use of this morpheme in the Narragansett language: Algonquian linguists and historians have confirmed that the term appears in almost all of the Algonquian languages, through such examples as "Narragansett squaw, probably with an abbreviation of eskwaw, cognate with the Delaware Lenape ochqueu, the Chippewa ikwe, the Cree iskwew, etc.
Kinjamesiskua — A queen. Awanochwi-skuaso — The queen [cards]. Kuibekiskua — A lady woman from Quebec. Pastoniskua — An American woman.
As a term for woman squaw has been carried over the length and breadth of the United States and in Canada, and is even in use by Indians on the reservations of the W. The adjective form of squaw has been widely applied to indigenous plants used by Native peoples as medicine specific to female complaints.
The Oxford English Dictionary notes: In names of plants, as squaw-berry, the edible berry of one of several shrubs, esp. Also squaw-bush, -carpet, -flower, -grass, -mint, -vine OED The Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico lists several such plants that are still prized by both traditional herbalists and modern pharmaceutical companies.
After the squaw have been named: Squawberry the partridge berrysquaw bush in various parts of the country, Cornus stolonifera, C. Derogatory usage[ edit ] In most colonial texts Squaw was used as general word for Indigenous women. This was a popular literary stereotype, as in The Squaw Man.
In a western novel by Max Branda male character asks a female character about her intentions: Perhaps in view of such uses as those above, one earlyth-century dictionary of American usage called squaw "a contemptuous term" Crowell We tried to find out what the children found painful about school [causing a very high dropout rate].
The children said that they felt humiliated almost every day by teachers calling them "squaws" and using all those other old horrible terms Harris In this case the term seems to have been regularly applied to girls in the lower grades of the elementary school, long before their puberty.
Sexual references[ edit ] An early comment in which "squaw" appears to have a sexual meaning is from the Canadian writer Pauline Johnsonwhose father was a Mohawk chief.
She wrote about the title character in An Algonquin Maiden by G. Mercer Adam and A. It is almost too sad when so much prejudice exists against the Indians, that any one should write up an Indian heroine with such glaring accusations against her virtue, and no contradictory statements from either writer, hero or circumstance.
Explicit statements that "squaw" came from a word meaning "female genitals" gained currency in the s. Perhaps the first example was in Sanders and Peek Harjo said on the show that "squaw is an Algonquin Indian word meaning vagina.
This purported etymology has been widely adopted as the rationale for removing the word from maps, road signs, history books, and other public uses Adams However, according to Ives Goddardthe curator and senior linguist in the anthropology department of the Smithsonian Institutionthis statement is not true Bright n.
Goddard does not rule out the possibility that the false etymology could have been believed by some non-Mohawks and thus does not rebut statements by Native people who trace the etymology to local memories of insulting language e.
Some anecdotal evidence has also been found by Mohawk linguists that suggests that "otsikwa" may actually be a modern slang term for "cornmeal mush" referred to by Palmer Current status[ edit ] The term "squaw" is now universally offensive due to its use for hundreds of years in a derogatory context.
During a featured panel discussion titled "Squaw: No matter the linguistic origins, many Native women feel that any "reclamation" efforts would only apply to a small percentage of Native women — those from the Algonquian language groups — while the slur has now been applied in a degrading manner to all Native women.
When people say "it never used to bother Indian women to be called squaw," respond with the following questions and statement. Were American Indian women or people ever asked? Have you ever asked an American Indian woman, man, or child how they feel about the word?
Do not say the word yourself, simply call it the "s" word then state that it has always been used to insult American Indian women. When people ask "why now?
Through communication and education American Indian people have come to understand the derogatory meaning of the word.
American Indian women claim the right to define ourselves as women and we reject the offensive term squaw.Pocahontas [Ingri d'Aulaire, Edgar Parin d'Aulaire, Ingri and Edgar Parin d'Aulaire] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
First published in with the d'Aulaires's beautiful lithographic prints, this tale of the first colony at Jamestown is told from the perspective of the princess daughter of the mighty chief Powhatan. When the . Pocahontas was the daughter of Chief Powhatan, paramount chief of Tsenacommacah, an alliance of about 30 Algonquian-speaking groups and petty chiefdoms in Tidewater, Virginia.
Her mother's name and origins are unknown but she was probably of lowly status.
Pocahontas also made the voyage with her husband and their young son, Thomas. The arrival of Pocahontas in London was well publicized and she became a celebrity. She was presented to King James I, the royal family, and London society.
Was she like the Indian girl in the Disney movie, who saved her reservation?
Yes and no. A Report on the Life of the Algonquian Indian Princess, Pocahontas PAGES 1. WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: Sign up to view the complete essay. Show me . Pocahontas: The Algonquian Indian Princess Many people know Pocahontas from the Disney film that came out in Disney portrays her to be a carefree Indian girl who falls in love with an Englishmen named John Smith who had a dog named Percy.
Pocahontas (born Matoaka, known as Amonute, c. – March ) was a Native American woman notable for her association with the colonial settlement at Jamestown, ashio-midori.comntas was the daughter of Powhatan, the paramount chief of a network of tributary tribal nations in the Tsenacommacah, encompassing the Tidewater region of .