The name given by later generations to Charles, King of the Franksfirst sovereign of the Christian Empire of the West; born 2 April, ; died at Aachen28 January,
Visit Website Did you know? Charlemagne served as a source of inspiration for such leaders as Napoleon Bonaparte and Adolf Hitlerwho had visions of ruling a unified Europe.
Charlemagne Expands his Kingdom Once in power, Charlemagne sought to unite all the Germanic peoples into one kingdom, and convert his subjects to Christianity. In order to carry out this mission, he spent the majority of his reign engaged in military campaigns.
Soon after becoming king, he conquered the Lombards in present-day northern Italythe Avars in modern-day Austria and Hungary and Bavaria, among others.
Charlemagne waged a bloody, three-decades-long series of battles against the Saxons, a Germanic tribe of pagan worshippers, and earned a reputation for ruthlessness.
In at the Massacre of Verden, Charlemagne reportedly ordered the slaughter of some 4, Saxons. He allegedly loved his daughters so much that he prohibited them from marrying while he was alive.
As emperor, Charlemagne proved to be a talented diplomat and able administrator of the vast area he controlled. He promoted education and encouraged the Carolingian Renaissance, a period of renewed emphasis on scholarship and culture. He instituted economic and religious reforms, and was a driving force behind the Carolingian miniscule, a standardized form of writing that later became a basis for modern European printed alphabets.
Charlemagne ruled from a number of cities and palaces, but spent significant time in Aachen. His palace there included a school, for which he recruited the best teachers in the land. In addition to learning, Charlemagne was interested in athletic pursuits. Known to be highly energetic, he enjoyed hunting, horseback riding and swimming.
Aachen held particular appeal for him due to its therapeutic warm springs. Louis became sole emperor when Charlemagne died in Januaryending his reign of more than four decades.
At the time of his death, his empire encompassed much of Western Europe. Charlemagne was buried at the cathedral in Aachen.
In the ensuing decades, his empire was divided up among his heirs, and by the late s, it had dissolved. Nevertheless, Charlemagne became a legendary figure endowed with mythical qualities.
Inunder Emperor Frederick BarbarossaCharlemagne was canonized for political reasons; however, the church today does not recognize his sainthood.Monmouth was born nine months after Walter and Charles II first met, and was acknowledged as his son by Charles II, but James II suggested that he was the son of another of her lovers, Colonel Robert Sidney, rather than Charles.
Charles II: Charles II, king of Great Britain and Ireland (–85), who was restored to the throne after years of exile during the Puritan Commonwealth. The years of his reign are known in English history as the Restoration period.
He was noted for his political adaptability and for his knowledge of men.
This costume history information consists of Pages of the chapter on the mid 17th century dress in the 25 YEAR REIGN era of Charles The Second and taken from English Costume by Dion Clayton Calthrop. The 36 page section consists of a text copy of . Charlemagne was born in the late s near Liège in modern day Belgium, the son of the Frankish king Pepin the Short.
When Pepin died in , his kingdom was divided between his two sons and for. Charlemagne, Carolus Magnus, Charles the Great, was the greatest member of the Carolingian family, which arose in the early 7th century in the northeastern region of the Frankish world.
He reigned over the Franks from to His reign marks a turning point in European history. King Charles II Restoration Stuart Costume. English history by Dion Clayton Calthrop. Samuel Pepys on Clothes. Two distinct forms of dress for men in the reign of Charles II - immediately after the monarchy restoration .