Students will understand the following: Inventions can change the way we live. Many inventions start out with design flaws and are refined later by subsequent inventors and designers.
What follows is a brief chronological history of some of the more interesting ideas and developments. Preparing children for the world in which they will live is becoming more difficult than ever.
In retrospect, there has been a confluence of changes that have significantly impacted the direction of modern education.
To benefit from these markets, nations must be competitive, and to be competitive they must have a well-educated work force.
rapid growth of computer-based education In the late s, in order to make access to computers widely available, the National Science Foundation (NSF) supported the development of 30 regional computing networks, which included institutions of higher education and some secondary schools. Internet2 is a not-for-profit United States computer networking consortium led by members from the research and education communities, industry, and government. The Internet2 consortium administrative headquarters are located in Ann Arbor, Michigan, with offices in . Use and Importance of Computers in Education Many technological advances have been made throughout history making life easier, one of which is the computer. Computers have changed the world, as a lot of things can now be done through computers.
New, science-based, information industries are emerging in which knowledge and human capital are as important as industrial plants. Daniel Bell says a major characteristic of these industries is that they derive from work in theoretical science and are dependent on the codification of theoretical knowledge.
The significance of this development is that if we choose to maintain our current standard of living, our knowledge workers must compete in an international market and must have a good understanding of science. The Scientific Information Explosion We are experiencing a scientific information explosion of unprecedented proportions.
Today, scientists and engineers use computers to access thousands of rapidly growing data bases that store numbers, words, maps, chemical and physical structures; and they search them millions of times a year. The base of scientific knowledge today is huge. Rapid changes in many fields are making basic knowledge and skills obsolete.
Knowledge is continually being modified and basic concepts and theories are being revised. New theories emerge as new discoveries offer new ways of looking at the data.
Disciplines are merging and hyphenated sub-disciplines are being formed. Herbert Simon, Nobel Laureate, observed that the developments in science and information processing technologies have changed the meaning of the verb, "to know.
The Emergence of Cognitive Science There has been a major paradigm shift in education from theories of "learning" to theories of "cognition. It addresses how the human, as an information processor, functions and uses information. Rather than focusing on teaching facts through expository lectures or demonstrations, the emphasis is, instead, on developing higher-order, thinking and problem-solving skills.
The cognitive approach is important because it recognizes human information processing strengths and weaknesses, and the limits of human perception and memory in coping with the information explosion.
It focuses, instead, on organizing information to fit human capacity, and has changed the emphasis in education from learning to thinking. New Educational Demands The launching of Sputnik, an unmanned Soviet satellite, in stirred national interest in educational reform.
Thus began what has been called the "golden age" of education. Major national efforts were made to reform education.
While many of the problems in education were not new, other new and different demands were changing the basic structure of education. First, there was a change in national philosophy from a position of making mass education available to many to a challenge to provide education for all.
Second, we were preparing children for a new type of society that did not yet exist.Brief History of the Internet. The Internet has revolutionized the computer and communications world like nothing before. The invention of the telegraph, telephone, radio, and computer set the stage for this unprecedented integration of capabilities.
education, architecture and regulation for the Internet. NSF’s privatization policy. Cybersecurity Education & Career Development DHS is committed to strengthening the nation’s cybersecurity workforce through standardizing roles and helping to ensure we have well-trained cybersecurity workers today as well as a strong pipeline of future cybersecurity leaders of tomorrow.
Internet2 is a not-for-profit United States computer networking consortium led by members from the research and education communities, industry, and government.
The Internet2 consortium administrative headquarters are located in Ann Arbor, Michigan, with offices in . Introduction. The field of computers in education is, of course, part of the overall field of education.
Because computer use now permeates education, every teacher should have some knowledge of the field of computers in education. Computer training, education, and tutorial resources. * Introduction to Computers - A Guide for Beginners INTERNET & COMPUTER HISTORY: History of the Internet: Brief History of the Internet * Charles Babbage Institute Preserving the history of information technology and promoting and conducting research in the field.
The History of Computers Les Freed, Ziff-Davis Press, With fascinating photographs which cover the earliest mechanical calculators, this Ziff-Davis publication offers the clearest and most entertaining history of computer technology.